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Course 22: Nuclear Science and Engineering 
  22.0022.099 plus UROP, UPOP, and ThU    22.10122.599    22.6022.THG   
Graduate Subjects22.11 Applied Nuclear Physics
() ; first half of term
Prereq: 22.02 or permission of instructor Units: 204 Introduction to nuclear structure, reactions, and radioactivity. Review of quantization, the wave function, angular momentum and tunneling. Simplified application to qualitative understanding of nuclear structure. Stable and unstable isotopes, radioactive decay, decay products and chains. Nuclear reactions, crosssections, and fundamental forces, and the resulting phenomena. P. Cappellaro 22.12 Radiation Interactions, Control, and Measurement
() ; second half of term
Prereq: 8.02 or permission of instructor Units: 204 The interaction, attenuation, and biological effects of penetrating radiation, especially neutrons and photons. Physical processes of radiation scattering and absorption, and their crosssections. Outline of health physics. Biological effects of radiation, and its quantification. Principles of radiation shielding, detection, dosimetry and radiation protection. M. Li 22.13 Nuclear Energy Systems
() ; first half of term
Prereq: 2.005, 22.01, or permission of instructor Units: 204 Ends Mar 22. Lecture: TR12.30 (24115) Recitation: F10 (24115) Introduction to generation of energy from nuclear reactions. Characteristics of nuclear energy. Fission crosssections, criticality, and reaction control. Basic considerations of fission reactor engineering, thermal hydraulics, and safety. Nuclear fuel and waste characteristics. Fusion reactions and the character and conditions of energy generation. Plasma physics and approaches to achieving terrestrial thermonuclear fusion energy. M. Bucci No required or recommended textbooks 22.14 Materials in Nuclear Engineering
() ; second half of term
Prereq: Chemistry (GIR) or permission of instructor Units: 204 Begins Apr 1. Lecture: MW12.30 (24115) Introduces the fundamental phenomena of materials science with special attention to radiation and harsh environments. Materials lattices and defects and the consequent understanding of strength of materials, fatigue, cracking, and corrosion. Coulomb collisions of charged particles; their effects on structured materials; damage and defect production, knockons, transmutation, cascades and swelling. Materials in fission and fusion applications: cladding, waste, plasmafacing components, blankets. J. Li No required or recommended textbooks 22.15 Essential Numerical Methods
() ; first half of term
Prereq: 12.010 or permission of instructor Units: 204 Ends Mar 22. Lecture: MW12.30 (24115) Recitation: F12.30 (66168) Introduces computational methods for solving physical problems in nuclear applications. Ordinary and partial differential equations for particle orbit, and fluid, field, and particle conservation problems; their representation and solution by finite difference numerical approximations. Iterative matrix inversion methods. Stability, convergence, accuracy and statistics. Particle representations of Boltzmann's equation and methods of solution such as MonteCarlo and particleincell techniques. H. Wainwright Textbooks (Spring 2024) 22.16 Nuclear Technology and Society
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Prereq: 22.01 or permission of instructor Units: 204 Introduces the societal context and challenges for nuclear technology. Major themes include economics and valuation of nuclear power, interactions with government and regulatory frameworks; safety, quantification of radiation hazards, and public attitudes to risk. Covers policies and methods for limiting nuclearweapons proliferation, including nuclear detection, materials security and fuelcycle policy. R. Kemp Nuclear Reactor Physics22.211 Nuclear Reactor Physics I
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Prereq: 22.05 Units: 309 Lecture: TR1112.30 (24121) Provides an overview of reactor physics methods for core design and analysis. Topics include nuclear data, neutron slowing down, homogeneous and heterogeneous resonance absorption, calculation of neutron spectra, determination of group constants, nodal diffusion methods, Monte Carlo simulations of reactor core reload design methods. K. Shirvan No required or recommended textbooks 22.212 Nuclear Reactor Analysis II
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Prereq: 22.211 Units: 327 Addresses advanced topics in nuclear reactor physics with an additional focus towards computational methods and algorithms for neutron transport. Covers current methods employed in lattice physics calculations, such as resonance models, critical spectrum adjustments, advanced homogenization techniques, fine mesh transport theory models, and depletion solvers. Also presents deterministic transport approximation techniques, such as the method of characteristics, discrete ordinates methods, and response matrix methods. Staff 22.213 Nuclear Reactor Physics III
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Prereq: 22.211 Units: 309 Covers numerous highlevel topics in nuclear reactor analysis methods and builds on the student's background in reactor physics to develop a deep understanding of concepts needed for timedependent nuclear reactor core physics, including coupled nonlinear feedback effects. Introduces numerical algorithms needed to solve realworld timedependent reactor physics problems in both diffusion and transport. Additional topics include iterative numerical solution methods (e.g., CG, GMRES, JFNK, MG), nonlinear accelerator methods, and numerous modern timeintegration techniques. Staff 22.251 Systems Analysis of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle
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(Subject meets with 22.051) Prereq: 22.05 Units: 327 Study of the relationship between the technical and policy elements of the nuclear fuel cycle. Topics include uranium supply, enrichment, fuel fabrication, incore reactivity and fuel management of uranium and other fuel types, used fuel reprocessing and waste disposal. Principles of fuel cycle economics and the applied reactor physics of both contemporary and proposed thermal and fast reactors are presented. Nonproliferation aspects, disposal of excess weapons plutonium, and transmutation of long lived radioisotopes in spent fuel are examined. Several stateoftheart computer programs relevant to reactor core physics and heat transfer are provided for student use in problem sets and term papers. Students taking graduate version complete additional assignments. Staff Nuclear Reactor Engineering22.312 Engineering of Nuclear Reactors
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Prereq: (2.001 and 2.005) or permission of instructor Units: 309 Engineering principles of nuclear reactors, emphasizing power reactors. Power plant thermodynamics, reactor heat generation and removal (singlephase as well as twophase coolant flow and heat transfer), and structural mechanics. Engineering considerations in reactor design. J. Buongiorno 22.313[J] Thermal Hydraulics in Power Technology
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(Same subject as 2.59[J], 10.536[J]) Prereq: 2.006, 10.302, 22.312, or permission of instructor Units: 327 Emphasis on thermofluid dynamic phenomena and analysis methods for conventional and nuclear power stations. Kinematics and dynamics of twophase flows. Steam separation. Boiling, instabilities, and critical conditions. Singlechannel transient analysis. Multiple channels connected at plena. Loop analysis including single and twophase natural circulation. Subchannel analysis. M. Bucci 22.315 Applied Computational Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer
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Prereq: Permission of instructor Units: 309 Lecture: TR9.3011 (24112) Focuses on the application of computational fluid dynamics to the analysis of power generation and propulsion systems, and on industrial and chemical processes in general. Discusses simulation methods for single and multiphase applications and their advantages and limitations in industrial situations. Students practice breaking down an industrial problem into its modeling challenges, designing and implementing a plan to optimize and validate the modeling approach, performing the analysis, and quantifying the uncertainty margin. E. Baglietto Textbooks (Spring 2024) 22.33 Nuclear Engineering Design
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(Subject meets with 22.033) Prereq: 22.312 Units: 3015 Group design project involving integration of nuclear physics, particle transport, control, heat transfer, safety, instrumentation, materials, environmental impact, and economic optimization. Provides opportunity to synthesize knowledge acquired in nuclear and nonnuclear subjects and apply this knowledge to practical problems of current interest in nuclear applications design. Past projects have included using a fusion reactor for transmutation of nuclear waste, design and implementation of an experiment to predict and measure pebble flow in a pebble bed reactor, and development of a mission plan for a manned Mars mission including the conceptual design of a nuclear powered space propulsion system and power plant for the Mars surface. Students taking graduate version complete additional assignments. Staff 22.38 Probability and Its Applications To Reliability, Quality Control, and Risk Assessment
()Not offered regularly; consult department Prereq: Permission of instructor Units: 309 Interpretations of the concept of probability. Basic probability rules; random variables and distribution functions; functions of random variables. Applications to quality control and the reliability assessment of mechanical/electrical components, as well as simple structures and redundant systems. Elements of statistics. Bayesian methods in engineering. Methods for reliability and risk assessment of complex systems, (eventtree and faulttree analysis, commoncause failures, human reliability models). Uncertainty propagation in complex systems (Monte Carlo methods, Latin hypercube sampling). Introduction to Markov models. Examples and applications from nuclear and other industries, waste repositories, and mechanical systems. Open to qualified undergraduates. Staff 22.39 Integration of Reactor Design, Operations, and Safety
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(Subject meets with 22.039) Prereq: 22.211 and 22.312 Units: 327 Integration of reactor physics and engineering sciences into nuclear power plant design focusing on designs that are projected to be used in the first half of this century. Topics include materials issues in plant design and operations, aspects of thermal design, fuel depletion and fissionproduct poisoning, and temperature effects on reactivity. Safety considerations in regulations and operations such as the evolution of the regulatory process, the concept of defense in depth, general design criteria, accident analysis, probabilistic risk assessment, and riskinformed regulations. Students taking graduate version complete additional assignments. Staff 22.40[J] Fundamentals of Advanced Energy Conversion
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(Same subject as 2.62[J], 10.392[J]) (Subject meets with 2.60[J], 10.390[J]) Prereq: 2.006, (2.051 and 2.06), or permission of instructor Units: 408 Lecture: MW12.302.30 (3133) Fundamentals of thermodynamics, chemistry, and transport applied to energy systems. Analysis of energy conversion and storage in thermal, mechanical, chemical, and electrochemical processes in power and transportation systems, with emphasis on efficiency, performance and environmental impact. Applications to fuel reforming and alternative fuels, hydrogen, fuel cells and batteries, combustion, catalysis, combined and hybrid power cycles using fossil, nuclear and renewable resources. CO_{2} separation and capture. Biomass energy. Meets with 2.60 when offered concurrently; students taking the graduate version complete additional assignments. A. Ghoniem Textbooks (Spring 2024) Radiation Interactions and Applications22.51[J] Quantum Technology and Devices
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(Same subject as 8.751[J]) (Subject meets with 22.022) Prereq: 22.11 Units: 309 Lecture: TR910.30 (36372) Examines the unique features of quantum theory to generate technologies with capabilities beyond any classical device. Introduces fundamental concepts in applied quantum mechanics, tools and applications of quantum technology, with a focus on quantum information processing beyond quantum computation. Includes discussion of quantum devices and experimental platforms drawn from active research in academia and industry. Students taking graduate version complete additional assignments. P. Cappellaro No required or recommended textbooks 22.52 Quantum Theory of Materials Characterization
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  22.0022.099 plus UROP, UPOP, and ThU    22.10122.599    22.6022.THG   